dcsimg

Application and Computer Programming Schools

Computer programs -- from the operating system that runs a Smartphone to the Web browser that displays the page you’re reading right now -- were all coded by computer programmers. These programs, called software or applications in their completed forms, are created by writing code with potentially thousands of commands, line by line, in a programming language. Without this software, microchips, circuit boards and touch screens would be an expensive collection of paperweights and simple calculators.

Additionally, as the world moves increasingly to an online environment, computer programmers are likely to encounter an ever-changing landscape of programming languages. Some of these new languages include Dart, Google's Web programming language and rival to JavaScript; Go, a programming environment developed by Google and the open source community; and Red Hat’s Ceylon, another rival to Java.

Computer programmers also update existing programs and test programs, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics adds that they fix or "debug" errors that they may find. In addition to writing code and script, computer programmers could work with a software developer to design programs, which may include planning an application or system interface (BLS.gov, 2012).

 

Programming languages and the design process

Many programs start with prototyping, or making a proof of concept for new programs to verify that a proposed design can work. Creating this prototype can take months of work and multiple people working together. To simplify the process, prototyping tools can assist programmers with the construction of flowcharts to help them visualize the end result. These charts can be created with computer-aided software engineering (CASE) software or drawn out by software developers.

As the process of coding can take up to several weeks or more depending on the size and complexity of the program, the use of various CASE tools, such as AgileJ StructureViews or Eclipse’s EGL tools may help cut down the time needed to produce a computer program. These specialized pieces of software can be used collectively to create a detailed program more rapidly or to allow a individual programmers to focus on different aspects of the program.

There are literally thousands of programming languages that are designed for specific hardware or the internal components of a computer, or used to create a specific type of program. However, every programmer doesn't encounter all the various programming languages. Popular languages include the following ten, according to January 2013 ratings from TIOBE Software, which bases rankings on the number of skilled engineers, courses and third-party vendors:

  1. C
  2. Java
  3. Objective-C
  4. C++
  5. C#
  6. PHP
  7. (Visual) Basic
  8. Python
  9. Perl
  10. JavaScript

 

What it takes to program code

Most programmers have a bachelor's degree, usually in computer science or a related field, but some may have an associate degree. The BLS (BLS.gov, 2012) notes that programmers with general business experience, specialized knowledge and experience with programming languages can be promoted to system analysts or software developers. Some may be promoted to managerial positions, however some companies may require programmers to have earned a master’s degree in addition to a BA in computer science (BLS.gov, 2012). Since no two programming languages are the same, the BLS writes that it is common to specialize in a few languages; still, a degree in computer science can provide the fundamentals for learning new programming languages more easily (BLS.gov, 2012). The BLS has compiled a list of personal qualities that may be useful for programmers (BLS.gov, 2012):

  • Analytical skills
  • Concentration
  • Detail oriented
  • Troubleshooting skills

Some of the modern trends in computer programming may require programmers to either understand multiple programming languages or work closely with software developers or specialists in various languages. Software-as-a-service, for instance, provides software through Web browsers on diverse computer operating systems, such as Microsoft’s Windows, Apple's OS or Unix-based operating systems, according to the BLS (BLS.gov, 2012).

 

Where the jobs are now

Companies have taken advantage of the ability to work remotely from any location with an Internet connection, outsourcing many programming jobs to countries with lower wages than the U.S. Nonetheless, the BLS notes that programmers may find growth in their national employment options of up to 12 percent from 2010 to 2020. This projected employment growth is expected to be partly a result of a drive for mobile applications and medical software. The BLS reports that job prospects should be best for programmers who have a bachelor’s degree, knowledge of multiple programming languages, and familiarity with emerging tools and technology (BLS.gov, 2012).

Opportunities vary according to factors such as location, and the BLS reports that California, New York and Texas are the states with the highest level of employment for programmers. The BLS notes that computer programmers earned a median annual wage of $72,630 nationally, as of May 2011, with regional variations in salary (BLS.gov, 2012).

For more details on computer programming and the education required, you can contact individual schools about study programs.

 

 

Sources and Further Readings:

Computer-Aided Software Engineering, Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council, 2012
Computer Programmers, Occupational Employment Statistics, Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012
Computer Programmers, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012
"Google offers SDK for Dart language," JavaWorld, Oct. 2012
"Red Hat's Ceylon a Java killer? Not likely," InfoWorld, April 2011  
Software Developers, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012
TIOBE Software

Search for Campus and Online Computer Programming Schools Below

Click on a school to request more information.

Refine School Matches
Hide filters
  • SUBJECT Clear All

    See More

  • DEGREE

    See More

  • PROGRAM TYPE

  • START TIME

    LOCATION
    Please enter valid US or Canada Zip.

Searching Searching ...

Prefer exploring options talking to our staff?
Call toll free now: 1.855.330.6938
Matching School Ads
1 Program(s) Found
  • There's still time to apply to Grand Canyon University and pursue your education. Learn more today!
  • Study on your schedule - GCU offers many programs 100% online to fit your busy lifestyle.
  • GCU offers a variety of opportunities to reduce the cost of furthering your education. Campus students may qualify for scholarships, while online students can take part in limited special offers.
  • A regionally accredited university, GCU also holds specialized accreditations and approvals for some of our core program offerings.
  • Degrees in business, education, nursing, humanities and social sciences, theology and more. Find the degree that fits you.
  • Talk to us today to learn more about financial aid and start dates!
Good for Working Adults
  • Accredited
  • Online Courses
  • Flexible Scheduling
  • Accelerated Programs
  • Financial Aid
  • Transferable Credits
4 Program(s) Found
  • Alumni have appeared in reality competition shows such as Top Chef and Project Runway.
  • Dedicated career services team that helps students tap opportunities in a marketplace driven by ideas
  • Offers programs in design, media arts, fashion, and culinary
  • Program Coordinators focus on improving program content and ensure that students have the resources they need
  • Over 50 locations nationwide
  • Join our next Open House on 10/21 (10/28 @ select locations)!
Good for Working Adults
  • Flexible Scheduling
  • Financial Aid
1 Program(s) Found
Platt College , Ontario
  • A Los Angeles-based private college offering programs in medical sciences, legal studies, and graphic design since 1985.
  • Has weekend programs, including certified  veterinary technology, nurse assistant, and hemodialysis technician.
  • Showcases visual communication students’ artwork and design through campus magazine.
  • 3 campuses in Southern California.
  • Accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges (ACCSC).
Show more [+]
Good for Working Adults
  • Accredited
  • Flexible Scheduling
  • Accelerated Programs
  • Financial Aid
  • Transferable Credits
2 Program(s) Found

The Secret to Getting Ahead is Getting Started

 

Congratulations! Your interest in California College San Diego is an important first step toward changing your life. A career-focused degree is the key to a new career with a potentially higher income, better benefits, and more satisfaction.

5 Program(s) Found
ABCO Technology , Inglewood
  • An accredited computer training academy preparing students to enter the IT industry as Network Engineers, Software Engineers, Web Apps Developer, Website Designers, Programmers, Database Administrators since 2000.
  • Holds A+ certification from CompTIA.
  • Located in Los Angeles, approximately 10 minutes away from LAX.
  • Flexible class schedules offered during day times, evenings and weekends.
  • Helping students start a career in technology within 3 - 9 months.
  • Educates with the mission to serve the needs of the local community and graduates by matching opportunities to skills.
  • Military friendly school.
Show more [+]
Good for Working Adults
  • Flexible Scheduling
  • Financial Aid
1 Program(s) Found

Maryville University is a private university in St. Louis County, Missouri. Founded in 1872, Maryville University is a comprehensive and nationally ranked private institution with an enrollment of more than 6,800 students.

Good for Working Adults
  • Accredited
  • Online Courses
  • Flexible Scheduling
  • Accelerated Programs
  • Financial Aid
  • Transferable Credits
3 Program(s) Found

50 Years of Excellence In Education

Coleman University is a private non-profit teaching university founded in 1963 and located in San Diego, California. Its undergraduate and graduate programs prepare individuals for technology-focused careers and leadership. As San Diego’s oldest school dedicated to information technology, Coleman University has historically educated a large number of the region’s business-technology professionals.

 

1 Program(s) Found
  • Ranked among the Best Online Bachelor’s Programs by U.S. News and World Report in 2015.
  • Founded in 1890, it has a campus in Waterbury, CT and offers online degree program in eight-week modules, six times a year.
  • About 800 students are enrolled at the main campus, and about half of them commute.
  • Online courses help make it possible for students to earn a bachelor’s degree in as little as 24 months and a master’s degree in 12-18 months.
Show more [+]
Good for Working Adults
  • Online Courses
  • Flexible Scheduling
  • Accelerated Programs
  • Financial Aid
  • Transferable Credits
1 Program(s) Found
  • At Charter College the entire curriculum is built around student success
  • Accredited by the ACICS with easy-to-use online remote classroom platforms
  • Offers training programs in healthcare, business, veterinary care, IT, & more
  • Receive excellent online support from faculty and staff members
  • Many members of the military have found their ideal fit at Charter College
Show more [+]
  • Online Courses
1 Program(s) Found
  • For the 12th consecutive year, Cal U was named one for the best schools in the Northeast by The Princeton Review 
  • Recognized by the U.S. News and World Report for: Best Online Programs, Bachelor’s 2017, Best Online Programs, Grad Education 2017 and Best Online Programs, Bachelor’s for Veterans 2017
  • Quality Online courses at Cal U have the same objectives, content and learning outcomes as campus-based programs and are taught by the same expert professors.
  • Offers private school amenities at a public school cost. Student-to-teacher ratio of 20:1
  • CAL U online programs complete an annual assessment of student learning to ensure outcomes are focused on your success in career entry, advancement or enhancement!
Show more [+]
  • Accredited
  • Online Courses
  • Accelerated Programs
  • Financial Aid
  • Transferable Credits